by clicking the "Next" arrow.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Mindful : April 2019
External stimulus may be a danger (e.g. a snake) Amygdala doesn’t trigger fight-or-flight response (because it hasn’t “learned” to associate it with danger) Cortex determines external stimulus is a danger and tells amygdala to trigger fight- or-flight response Fight or flight = Healthy stress reaction ... Danger! Snake! B Danger is real, amygdala doesn’t react External stimulus isn’t a real danger (e.g. a rope, not a snake) Amygdala triggers fight-or- flight response quickly (but incorrectly) Cortex determines that ex ternal stimulus isn’t a threat, says cut it out to amygdala, which chills fight-or- flight response No anxiety Nah, just a rope C Danger isn’t real, amygdala reacts Danger! Snake! External stimulus isn’t a real danger (e.g. a rope, not a snake) Amygdala triggers fight-or- flight response quickly (but incorrectly) Cortex determines that external stimulus isn’t a threat, says cut it out to amygdala BUT amygdala is overreactive, and continues fight- or-flight response Nah, just a rope D Danger isn’t real, amygdala overreacts Danger! Snake! I SAID, DANGER!!! SNAKE!!! ANXIETY OVERDRIVE the breath activates the relaxation response. But mindfulness-based medi- tation combines relaxation with something more: a nonjudgmental attitude toward emotions that arise, an acceptance of whatever happens. What the new brain research suggests is that, by combining the relaxation response with a cultivation of paying atten- tion to our thoughts, we can address both of the path- ways that lead to anxiety at the same time. How Mindfulness Changes the Brain Adrienne Taren began studying mindfulness because she was interested in stress. Studies have shown that mindfulness makes people less reactive to stress and better at reg- ulating their emotions. But as a researcher at Carnegie Mellon back in 2012, Taren wanted to know what was happening in their brains. Her first study compared a group of people—not meditators—who exhibited mindfulness as a personal- ity trait with another group with high stress levels. The results were striking. Peo- ple who scored highly for mindfulness had smaller amygdalas than those who reported high stress. “The assumption is that a larger amygdala is more active,” → April 2019 mindful 57 neuroscience