by clicking the "Next" arrow.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Mindful : February 2019
compared people at 20 and 35 found that, on average, their personality was quite stable, but individually there were huge differences: Some people’s personalities at 35 were roughly 90% identical to what they had been at 20, while others’ flipped, going from neurotic to emotionally stable, disagreeable to ag reeable, closed-off to new ideas and experi- ences to delighting in them. Why We Change How do people who stay as they were differ from those who change, for better or worse? “Life experiences can change personality traits,” Damian said. A first romantic relationship increases extroversion and decreases neurot- icism, for example. Transitioning from high school to college or work, with the greater independence that brings and the larger social world it offers, increases agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness, and decreases neuroticism. Greater openness to new experiences brings both positive and negative life events; those, in turn, can alter other personality traits, with negative ones decreasing emotional stability (increasing neuroticism). “The fact that we don’t all have the same experiences, and therefore change as a result, will cause some people but not others to change,” Damian said. That’s consistent with a 2016 study of 174 people in Scotland, whose personalities were rated when they were about 14 (in 1947) and again at 77. The questionnaires—answered by the individuals and by someone who knew them well—probed self-confidence, perseverance, stability of moods, con- scientiousness, originality, and desire to learn. (The Big Five didn’t exist in 1947 psychology.) There was no signif- icant correlation between the ratings at age 14 and at 77: People rose or fell seemingly at random. That likely reflects not only the happenstances of their lives but also their conscious choices. “ Volitional change is possible,” Damian said. One can decide to be more conscientious or open to new experiences and ideas; simply exposing yourself to new experiences can make you more open to them. Similarly, forcing yourself to speak to one new person every week can increase extroversion. “ Your personality influences the situations you choose,” Damian said, “but the situations you choose can influence your personality.” ● “ALTHOUGH WE FOUND LARGE OVERALL CHANGES, NOT EVERYONE CHANGED IN THE SAME WAY.” RODICA DAMIAN, PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCHER February 2019 mindful 37