by clicking the "Next" arrow.
by clicking on the page.
the page around when zoomed in by dragging it.
the zoom using the slider when zoomed-in.
by clicking on the zoomed-in page.
by entering text in the search field, and select "This Issue" or "All Issues"
by clicking on thumbnails to select pages, and then press the print button.
displays sections with thumbnails and descriptions.
displays a slider of thumbnails. Click on a page to jump.
allows you to browse the full archive.
about your subscription?
Mindful : October 2018
writes Torous. “It is easy to envision how suited smartphones are to medi- ate the placebo effect when we take into account our high levels of expec- tation, trust, and personalization of these devices.” We are habituated to taking medi- cine, so when we take a placebo pill, it eases our back pain. We’re habituated to social media, so when we refresh our feeds, we get pleasure. Maybe we’re habituated to our apps, so when we do a smartphone meditation we feel like it’s relaxing. A MATTER OF PRIORITY While at present there is a dearth of scientific evidence validating apps like Headspace and Calm, there is promis- ing research to suggest that, in theory, digital mindfulness training could be effective. Researchers say that online trainings are advantageous because they can be affordable, accessible, flexible, anonymous, empowering, and enjoyable. Mindfulness experts Jud Brewer and Zindel Segal each developed mind- fulness therapies (mindfulness train- ing for addiction and MBCT, respec- tively) and then realized that it would take years to train a cohort of clinicians to develop training programs for them. They both saw apps as a more efficient and precise way to deliver their spe- cialized treatments. So, they developed apps to deliver the treatments and then tested them scientifically. Brewer’s company, Claritas Mind- sciences, has launched three apps publicly and then started clinical trials on the apps: Craving to Quit, Eat Right Now, and Unwinding Anxiety. These apps take direct advantage of the habit of smartphone use in order to tackle other specific habits, namely smoking, snacking, and anxiety. His work is based on the theory of operant condi- tioning, which posits that habits and behaviors are reinforced by positive → 4 Ways Apps Are Changing Mindfulness App developer Rohan Gunatillake on how mindfulness apps are changing the culture and popular understanding of mindfulness. Most apps use a subscription model. “ We’ve created a meditation culture where people perceive that mindfulness costs $10 a month to do,” says Gunatillake. Subscription models rely on user dependence— reinforcing, rather than breaking, habits. Apps encourage the idea that meditation is a solo practice, whereas in the past it was often learned in group settings. It’s always guided—something you do alone or with headphones in. With prerecorded meditations, users can’t ask questions or get personalized instruction. This might be fine most of the time, but in some cases a meditation instructor can help to make sure you’re doing it safely and correctly. One journalist, for example, repor ted having anxiety attacks while using a meditation app. In moments like that, it can be helpful to have a human to talk to. Meditation apps sometimes imply that their app’s brand of meditation is the only style of meditation. “If you try out an app and you don’t necessarily connect with the style of teaching, that doesn’t mean you don’t like meditation,” says Gunatillake. 1 2 3 4 October 2018 mindful 65 mindful tech